Periodontics is the specialty of dentistry that deals with the gums and tissues surrounding the teeth and the diagnosis and treatment of the diseases affecting them as well as the post-treatment protection of the healthy status achieved.  Periodontal diseases are inflammatory diseases which affect gums and other tissues supporting teeth.  They are one of the major reasons of tooth loss with bleeding gums as the most significant sign of them.  These diseases can be treated easily and successfully when they are diagnosed at an early stage.  Periodontal treatments bring along some other benefits including a more comfortable chewing and a better digestion, in addition to the protection of the natural teeth.   


The diagnosis and treatment of gingival diseases, treatment of gingival recession, treatment of gingival enlargement, treatment of tissue loss caused by gingival diseases, tooth surface cleaning, root planing, curettage procedures, occlusal adjustments, bone grafts, membrane applications, soft tissue grafts, surgical procedures for gum aesthetic are the subjects of the Periodontics.


The scaling is generally started using ultrasonic instruments. The instruments use vibrations to crack the plaque. Following this procedure that removes the large plaques from the teeth, water is sprayed into mouth and the eruptions are cleaned. Then, the fine plaque is cleaned using thin instruments. This procedure is continued until all plaque accumulated in the curved surfaces of and between the teeth is cleaned.  Scaling is ended after the plaque is completely removed and tooth varnish or fluoride containing pastes are applied. The procedure is completed within a short time like 10 minutes. However, it can be said that the denser the plaque is, the longer the scaling takes. 

Treatment of Gingival Recession

Different methods of filling are used in treating gingival recession. Tooth can completely be coated.  Surgical methods may be used in severe cases.  In surgical method, the surrounding healthy tissue is drifted to the damaged area to cover the recessed area or a graft harvested from the palate is surgically added to the recessed area.